A CHANGING POPULATION

In 1950, children aged 10 or younger accounted for the largest share of China’s population. This population pyramid is estimated to change shape dramatically by 2050.

1950

2015

2050


Total Population

In billions

BIRTH RATE

Births per 1,000 people

World
China

SHRINKING LABOUR FORCE

Year-over-year change of working population (age 15-64)

URBAN VS. RURAL POPULATION

In millions

Urban
Rural

Sources: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; National Statistics Bureau of China; The World Bank Group
By Wen Foo, Jessica Wang, Simon Scarr | REUTERS GRAPHICS